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Learning DisabilitiesDyslexiaAD/HDEmotional DisturbanceAsperger's Syndrome

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 AD/HD

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) refers to a cluster of behaviours that make a child underachieve for their intellect and/or ‘under-behave’ both at school and at home. The term Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder originates from the 4th Edition of the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (DSMIV). According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA)(1994), the insertion of a slash between the letters AD/HD is to indicate that some children suffer only from having attention difficulties, others from only having hyperactivity and impulsiveness, and others from both kinds of problems. AD/HD is not a new condition; it was proposed as a distinct medical condition by an English paediatrician, George Still, in 1902, to describe children who had difficulty sustaining their attention, were often resistant to discipline, showed difficulty to restrain their behaviour, had poor emotional control and whose level of hyperactivity was such that it interfered with their daily functioning (Myttas, 2004). AD/HD can have a significant impact on the life of the person with the disorder and his/her family.

 

 

 Source:  Irene Ioannidou Philippou, MA Special Educational Needs, Special Education Needs Teacher and Trainer.  For a .pdf version of the booklet prepared for ADD-ADHD Support click here.

 

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Last Updated 9/2/2006

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